Today is Thursday, Oct. 11, the 285th day of 2012 with 81 follow.
Those born on this date are:
Clergyman Mason Locke Weems, who invented the story of George Washington and the cherry tree, in 1759; Englishman George Williams, founder of the YMCA, in 1821; food industry pioneer Henry John Heinz in 1844; former first lady and author Eleanor Roosevelt in 1884; choreographer Jerome Robbins in 1918; writer Elmore Leonard in 1925 (age 87); football Hall of Fame member LaVell Edwards in 1930 (age 82); country singer Dottie West in 1932; actor/singer Ron Leibman in 1937 (age 75); singer Daryl Hall in 1946 (age 66); sports columnist Thomas Boswell in 1947 (age 65); football Hall of Fame member Steve Young in 1961 (age 51); actors David Morse in 1953 (age 59), Joan Cusack in 1962 (age 50) and Luke Perry in 1966 (age 46); and golfer Michelle Wie in 1989 (age 23).
On this date in history:
In 1811, the first steam-powered ferry in the world started its run between New York City and Hoboken, N.J.
In 1868, Thomas Alva Edison filed papers for his first invention: an electrical vote recorder to rapidly tabulate floor votes in the U.S. Congress. Members of Congress rejected it.
In 1950, the Federal Communications Commission issued to CBS the first license to broadcast color television.
In 1962, Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
In 1975, "Saturday Night Live" premiered with George Carlin as host and musicians Janis Ian and Billy Preston on the bill.
In 1984, financier Marc Rich agreed to pay the U.S. government nearly $200 million, biggest tax fraud penalty in American history.
Also in 1984, Kathryn Sullivan, flying into orbit abroad the space shuttle Challenger, became the first American woman to walk in space.
In 1994, the Pentagon reported that Iraqi troops were withdrawing from the Iraq-Kuwait border. Their deployment had brought the U.S. Navy and Marines to the Persian Gulf less than a week earlier.
In 1996, the Nobel Peace Prize went to Jose Ramos-Harta and Carlos Ximenes Belo, who worked for freedom for Timor-Leste, where famine and repression had killed one-third of the population.
In 2002, Congress gave U.S. President George W. Bush its backing for using military force against Iraq.
In 2004, actor Christopher Reeve, who played Superman in the movies and strenuously pushed spinal cord research after he was paralyzed in an accident, died at the age of 52.
In 2005, desperate Pakistani earthquake survivors ambushed army trucks carrying relief supplies as the reported death toll in Pakistan and India topped 42,000.
Also in 2005, nine insurgent attacks killed at least 55 people in Iraq, including one suicide bomber who drove into a crowded market in Talafar.
In 2006, Cory Lidle, a 34-year-old right-handed pitcher for the New York Yankees, was killed when the light plane he was flying crashed into a 50-story residential building in New York.
In 2007, military reports said Taliban-affiliated fighters stepped up attacks on the Pakistani military near the Afghanistan border. The four-day death toll was put at 60 Pakistani soldiers and 200 militants.
Also in 2007, the Dow Jones industrial average reached record of 14,198.10.
In 2008, the U.S. State Department removed North Korea from its list of state sponsors of terrorism. In return, North Korea agreed to give international inspectors access to its nuclear facilities and to continue disabling its plutonium processing project.
In 2009, three hostages and four Taliban militants died when Special Forces stormed Pakistani army headquarters to rescue 42 hostages.
In 2010, Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu proposed a halt to West Bank settlement construction if Palestinians recognize Israel as a Jewish state.
In 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama's $447 billion jobs bill was blocked by the Republican-dominated Senate, failing to receive the 60 votes needed to proceed to debate. Obama said he would fight on and urged GOP leaders to offer an alternative plan.